Time to Plant & Maintenance
LANDSCAPE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
The following maintenance schedule is a checklist of annual gardening activities for the newly developed landscape. By attending to these matters at the proper time, a major portion of the maintenance will be preventive rather than remedial.
- Fertilize Bermuda and Zoysia grass as green growth begins to emerge. See our Solution Center staff for help in determining which fertilizer is best for your situation. Mow to a height of 1”.
- Sow Fescue or Rye early in the month, whether establishing a new lawn or overseeding an existing one. Rake the soil with a hoe before reseeding and maintain even soil moisture for 7 to 10 days. Don’t let the grass grow taller than 3″ before the first mowing!
- Check new growth on shrubs, azaleas, roses & euonymus for aphids, scale or lacebug infestations. Control with horticultural oil or Neem.
- Trim winter damaged plants as necessary. Replace plants that did not survive the winter.
- Plant summer annuals in the middle of the month, depending on weather. Mulch beds with pine, cedar, or cypress mulch to control weeds and help conserve moisture.
- Continue planting perennials as well as trees and shrubs.
- Prune and fertilize azaleas after the blooms drop. Spray for lacebugs and mealybugs with horticultural oil or Neem.
- Overseed with Bermuda or Zoysia grass after middle of the month.
- Continue planting anything that grows.
- Fertilize warm-season lawns again.
- Continue checking for insects, especially grubs, in lawns and treat as necessary.
- If the weather does not cooperate, water new trees, shrubs and lawns thoroughly all summer. Water should be applied infrequently with enough per application to wet the soil to a depth of 6-8” (more for trees).
- Weed beds as necessary. Use a selective herbicide to kills weeds and grasses in established flower beds.
July & August
- Continue mowing the lawn, raising the height to 2 ½” on Bermuda, 3 to 3 ½” on Fescue.
- Spot spray weeds in lawn as needed.
- Continue checking for insect infestations. Bring specimens to Southwood for diagnosis and recommendations.
- Liquid feed hanging baskets, patio pots, and bedding plants every two weeks.
September & October
- Re-seed and fertilize cool season grasses.
- Fertilize Bermuda and Zoysia one last time.
- Replace summer annuals with pansies or chrysanthemums.
- Tulips, Hyacinths, and Daffodils are available late September. Plant after first frost.
- Fertilize trees and shrubs.
- Lightly prune roses and other summer flowering shrubs.
November & December
- Replace trees and shrubs that did not survive the summer.
- Control existing broadleaf winter weeds such as dandelions. Visit Southwood for details.
- If rainfall has been deficient, water thoroughly (6-8” deep) prior to a freeze.
- Mulch or wrap tender plants to protect from freeze damage.
- Remove any support stakes around trees that have been in place for one growing season.
- Many perennials can be divided now.
- Plant fall bulbs before the end of December.
January & February
- If rainfall has been deficient, water lawns, trees and shrubs, especially any evergreens.
- Many ‘green’ winter weeds can be controlled now with Roundup as it won’t harm dormant Bermuda or Zoysia.
- “Spring Clean-Up” – Remove weeds and debris from shrub and groundcover beds.
- Fertilize beds with bagged, composted products, or use either organic or conventional fertilizers.
- Add additional mulch to existing beds to help control weeds.
- Fertilizer cool season lawns such as Fescue or Ryegrass. Mow 2” to 2½” high with a sharp mower.
- Prune trees, shrubs (except spring bloomers, like Forsythia and Azaleas), Roses, Liriope and ornamental grasses before spring growth begi
- Begin planting cool-season vegetables — asparagus, onions, potatoes, salad greens and more.
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