LIGHT: Most succulents need bright light. Some varieties will burn if suddenly placed in direct sunlight. The leaves will turn brown or white as the plant bleaches out and the soft tissues are destroyed. Alternatively, an under-lit succulent will begin to stretch, with an elongated stem and widely spaced leaves. Many succulents will thrive outdoors in the summer.
TEMPERATURE: Succulents are much more cold-tolerant than many people assume. Ideally succulents prefer daylight temperatures between 70-85 degrees F and nighttime temperatures between 50-55 degrees F.
WATER: Succulents need more water in the summer and less often watering in the winter. The potting soil should be allowed to dry before watering. A watering can with a narrow spout, turkey baster, or syringe can be useful tools for watering succulents. These tools help to target the soil and keep the foliage dry.
Overwatering: Overwatered plants are soft and discolored. The leaves may be yellow or white and lose their color. Overwatering may lead to root rot.
Underwatering: An underwatered plant will first stop growing, shed leaves, and may develop brown spots on the leaves.
POTTING MIX: Succulents prefer to be potted in a well-draining mixture specified for cacti and succulents. A general lightweight houseplant soil mixed with perlite or sand will also do.
FERTILIZER: Use a cacti and succulent fertilizer once a month from April-October. Don’t exceed dosage.
IT’S BEST TO PRUNE SUCCULENTS IN SPRING AND SUMMER. WHY SHOULD YOU PRUNE?
Trim back leggy stems to encourage bushier growth
Reduce the height of the plant and encourage lateral branching
Thin out stems that are overcrowded to prevent damage and disease
Cut away damaged or dead leaves to reduce disease and stimulate growth. (This one can be done at any time of year)
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